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Flowers

Photos and information courtesy of: Amanda’s Garden

The flowers shown here are Native Perennial plants found in the Hemlock and Canadice Lakes region. Ellen Folts of Amanda’s Garden describes some of the common flowers here. Full descriptions can be found at the website link above.

hcl_flower_amsonia_tabernaemontana

1

Amsonia - Tabernaemontana

  • Amsonia has beautiful steel blue flowers

  • Butterflies and hummingbirds use it for nectar

  • Excellent foliage plant, turns yellow in the fall

  • Height: 2 to 3 feet

hcl_flower_aster_cordifolius

2

Aster - Blue Wood, Symphyotrichum cordifolium

Aster - White Wood, Eurybia divaricata

  • Wood Asters light up the woodland garden in the fall

  • Wood Asters are very shade tolerant

  • Butterfly larva use Wood Asters for food

  • Height: 1 to 2 feet

hcl_flower_aster_new_england_symphyotrichum_novae_angliae

3

Aster - New England, Symphyotrichum novae angliae

  • New England Aster has elegant bright blue to deep purple flowers

  • Flowers in the late summer into the fall

  • Provides food and nectar for butterflies and other insects

  • Drought Tolerant

  • Height: 2 to 5 feet

hcl_flower_aster_new_york_symphyotrichum_novi_belgii

4

Aster - New York, Symphyotrichum novi-belgii

  • New York Aster has lovely light blue flowers

  • Flowers in the late summer into the fall

  • Provides food and nectar for butterflies and other insects

  • Drought tolerant

  • Height: 24 to 36 inches

hcl_flower_aster_smooth_symphyotrichum_laeve

5

Aster - Smooth, Symphyotrichum laeve

  • Smooth Aster is a host plant for the Pearl Crescent butterfly

  • Beautiful gray green foliage

  • Plant is very bushy and full

  • Height: 2 to 4 feet

hcl_flower_baneberry_white_actaea_pachypoda

6

Baneberry - White, Actaea pachypoda

Baneberry - Red, Actaea rubra

  • Baneberry has very interesting attractive fruit, they are poisonous

  • Very neat,dark green leaves

  • The berries add color to the shade garden

  • Creamy white flowers

  • Height: 1 to 3 feet

hcl_flower_bellwort_sessile_uvularia_sessilfolia

7

Bellwort - Sessile, Uvularia sessilfolia

  • Sessile Bellwort is a very interesting plant

  • Grows well in full shade

  • Early spring blooming

  • Yellow flowers

  • Height: 1 foot to 1 1/2 feet

hcl_flower_bergamont_wild_monarda_fistulosa

8

Bergamont - Monarda fistulosa

  • Wild Bergamot is an excellent plant for a pollinator garden.

  • Easy to grow, Tolerant of many conditions.

  • Member of the mint family with an nice fragrance.

  • Lavender - violet flowers

  • Height: 3 to 4 feet

hcl_flower_blood_root_sanguinaria_canadensis

9

Blood Root - Sanguinaria canadensis

  • Beautiful bright white flowers in early spring.

  • Unusual scalloped leaves that last into August.

  • Bloodroot provides interesting leaves in the shade garden.

  • Provides early spring nectar and pollen for bees and flies.

  • Height: 6 to 11 inches

hcl_flower_blue_great_lobelia_siphilitica

10

Great Blue - Lobelia Siphilitica

  • Great Blue Lobelia provides great summer color

  • Blue flowers vary in color

  • Hummingbirds and Butterflies use plant for nectar

  • Height: 2 to 3 Feet

hcl_flower_bluebells_virginia_mertensia_virginica

11

Virginia Bluebell - Mertensia virginica

  • Virginia Bluebells Provides early spring nectar for hummingbirds and butterflies

  • Grows in very moist or wet soil

  • Cheers up the early spring garden

  • Height: 12 to 24 inches

hcl_flower_bowmans_root_porteranthus_trifoliatus

12

Bowmans Root - Porteranthus trifoliatus

  • White star shaped blossoms cover the plant in June

  • Excellent golden fall color

  • Rich Green foliage in summer

  • Height: 2 to 3 feet

hcl_flower_cardinal_red_lobelia_cardinalis

13

Red Cardinal - Lobelia cardinalis

  • Red cardinal Flower attracts hummingbirds and butterflies to the garden

  • Stunning bright red flowers really light up the garden

  • Tolerates very moist soil

  • Grows in full sun to part shade

  • Height: 1 1/2 to 2 feet

hcl_flower_cohosh_black_actaea_racemosa

14

Black Cohosh - Actaea racemosa

  • Also known as Black Snakeroot or Bug Bane

  • Pure white candle-like flower illuminate the garden

  • Black Cohosh attracts beneficial insects

  • Easy to grow in shade or partial sun

  • Height: 3 to 6 feet

hcl_flower_cohosh_blue_caulophyllum_thalictroides

15

Blue Cohosh - Caulophyllum thalictroides

  • Lovely bright blue berries in August

  • Leaves are thrice compound and rounded at the tip

  • Fascinating flowers but seeds and roots are poisonous

  • Height: 1 to 3 feet

hcl_flower_columbine_wild_aquilegia_canadensis

16

Wild Columbine - Aquilegia canadensis

  • Wild Columbine provides early spring food for humming birds

  • Flowers are unusual in shape

  • Excellent rock garden plant

  • Height: 1 to 2 1/2 feet

hcl_flower_cone_flower_green_rudbeckia_laciniata

17

Green Cone Flower - Rudbeckia laciniata

  • Green Cone Flower is a tall stately plant

  • Provides food for butterflies

  • Grows in very moist soil or ordinary garden soil

  • Flowers for a long period of time mid summer

  • Yellow flower with green center

  • Height: 3 to 7 feet

hcl_flower_cone_flower_purple_echinacea_purpurea

18

Purple Cone Flower - Echinacea purpurea

  • Purple Cone Flower blooms for a long Period of time

  • Attracts Butterflies

  • Provides seed for birds

  • Height: 2 to 3 feet

hcl_flower_diphylla_jeffersonia_twinleaf

19

Jeffersonian Twinleaf Diphylla

  • Twinleaf has lovely pure white flowers

  • Very interesting twin leaves

  • Great woodland plant

  • Height: 12 to 18 inches

hcl_flower_dutchmens_breeches_dicentra_cucullaria

20

Dutchmen’s Breeches - Dicentra cucullaria

  • Dutchman’s Breeches is a dainty, white early spring flower

  • Seeds are ant dispersed

  • Foliage is toxic to deer and is not eaten by them

  • Nectar attracts pollinators

  • Height: 3 to 8 inches

hcl_flower_fern_christmas

21

Christmas Fern - Polystichum acrostichoides

  • Christmas Fern is an evergreen fern

  • Christmas Fern is a clumping fern

  • The fronds are very shiny

  • Height: 1 to 2 feet

hcl_flower_foam_flower_tiarella_cordifolia

22

Foam Flower - Tiarella cordifolia

  • Foam Flower is a quick growing ground cover for a shady area

  • Foam like white flowers light up the shade garden

  • Many insects use the flower’s nectar

  • Height: 3 to 10 inches

hcl_flower_geranium_wild_maculatum

23

Wild Geranium - Maculatum

  • Wild Geranium is a beautiful May flowering perennial

  • The leaves are deeply lobed and add a nice texture to the garden

  • Wild Geranium forms clumps that can be divided in the spring

  • Attractive drought tolerant and tough plant

  • Flowers are lavender

  • Height: 1 to 1 1/2 feet

hcl_flower_ginger_wild_asarum_canadense

24

Wild Ginger - Asarum canadense

  • Wild Ginger is an excellent ground cover

  • Wild ginger is an alternate food source for Pipevine Swallowtail Butterflies

  • Very shade tolerant, interesting leaf shape

  • Brown flowers

  • Height: 6 to 10 inches

hcl_flower_goats_beard_chrysogonum_virginianum_aruncus_dioicus

25

Goats Beard - Aruncus dioicus

  • Goats Beard has plumes of creamy white flowers

  • Insects use it as a plant for nectar

  • Makes a great boarder or back drop plant

  • Height: 3 to 5 feet

hcl_flower_goldenrod_blue_stem_solidago_caesia

26

Blue Stemmed Goldenrod - Solidago caesia

  • Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod is a great plant for the pollinator garden

  • Golden flowers are clustered along the stem

  • Brightens up the woodland garden

  • Height: 2 to 3 feet

hcl_flower_goldenrod_solidago_speciosa

27

Goldenrod - Solidago speciosa

  • Beautiful Yellow Flowers

  • Attracts Pollinators

  • Works in Dry Soils

  • Height: 2 to 5 feet

hcl_flower_green_gold_chrysogonum_virginianum

28

Green & Gold - Chrysogonum virginianum

  • Green and Gold is a low growing attractive ground cover

  • Prolific bloomer in the spring, blooms sporadically in the fall

  • Bright flowers that attract butterflies and insects

  • Yellow Daisy-like flowers

  • Height: 6 to 10 inches

hcl_flower_hepatica_sharp_lobe_acutiloba

29

Hepatica - Sharp lobe acutiloba

  • Hepatica is an early spring blooming plant

  • The 3 lobed leaves persist through the winter

  • The colors of the petals vary

  • Height: 6 to 10 inches

hcl_flower_iris_blue_flag_versicolor

30

Blue Flag Iris - Versicolor

  • Blue Flag Iris is an excellent plant for moist or wet areas

  • Attractive flowers in shades of blue

  • Blue is quite drought tolerant once established

  • Height: 1 to 2 feet

hcl_flower_jack_in_pulpit_arisaema_triphyllum

31

Jack in the Pulpit - Arisaema triphyllum

  • Jack-in-the-Pulpit is an unusual plant

  • Grows in shade to part shade

  • Produces bright red berries in the fall

  • Grows from a corm

  • Will grow in very moist soils

  • Green and brown flowers

  • Height: 1 to 1 1/2 feet

hcl_flower_lily_turks_cap_lilium_superbum

32

Turks Cap Lily - Lilium superbum

  • Turk’s cap lily naturally grows in wet areas

  • Produces a multitude of bright orange blossoms

  • Humming birds, butterflies and moths use Turk’s Cap Lily as a source of nectar

  • Orange flowers

  • Height: 3 to 8 feet

hcl_flower_maidens_hair_adiantum_pedutum

33

Maidens Hair - Adiantum pedutum

  • Unique fronds arranged in a horseshoe shaped pattern

  • Groundcover for banks with shade and moist rich soil

  • Attractive bright green fronds

  • Height: 12 to 20 inches

hcl_flower_marigold_marsh_caltha_palustris

34

Marsh Marigold - Caltha palustris

  • Marsh marigold is an excellent plant for the problem wet area

  • Used by bees and other insect in spring for nectar

  • Bright Yellow color brings a cheeriness to the garden

  • Height: 1 to 2 feet

hcl_flower_mayapple_podophyllum_peltatum

35

Mayapple - Podophyllum peltatum

  • May Apple is an interesting and unusual ground Cover

  • Bright white flower in May

  • Food source for insects and small mammals

  • Height: 6 to 18 inches

hcl_flower_milkweed_swamp_asclepias_incarnata

36

Swamp Milkweed - Asclepias incarnata

  • Swamp Milkweed is an excellent butterfly plant

  • The bright pink flowers are stunning

  • Upright plant with interesting seed pods

  • Height: 2 to 4 feet

hcl_flower_northern_sea_oats_chasmanthium_latifolium

37

Northern Sea Oats - Chasmanthium latifolium

  • A grass that grows in shade or part shade

  • Birds will use for nesting material

  • Provided cover for animals

  • Larval host for butterflies

  • Height: 30 to 36 inches

hcl_flower_phlox_stolonifera

38

Phlox - Stolonifera

  • Woodland Phlox is a wonderful groundcover

  • Spreads fairly quickly

  • Will not crowd out companions

  • Attracts butterflies and other beneficial insects

  • Height: 6 to 10 inches

hcl_flower_phlox_summer_paniculata

39

Summer Phlox - Paniculata

  • Beautiful summer color last for a long time

  • Attracts many pollinators, butterflies and moths

  • Great cut flower

  • Height: 3 to 5 feet

hcl_flower_poppy_yellow_wood_stylophorum_diphyllum

40

Yellow Wood Poppy - Stylophorum diphyllum

  • Yellow Wood Poppy produces bright yellow blossoms in late spring

  • Yellow Wood Poppy bloom in the spring and sporadically in the fall

  • Deer rarely eat Yellow Wood Poppy

  • Height: 1 to 2 feet

hcl_flower_pye_weed_joe_eupatorium_purpureum

41

Joe Pye Weed - Eupatorium purpureum

  • Joe Pye Weed is an excellent plant for massing

  • Attracts large numbers of beneficial insect

  • Attracts butterflies

  • Joe Pye weed is a very versatile plant, it grows in sun, shade, moist or dry soil

  • Mauve flowers

  • Height: 2 1/2 to 6 feet

hcl_flower_raspberry_flowering_rubus_odoratus

42

Flowering Raspberry - Rubus odoratus

  • Flowering Raspberry produces beautiful rose pink flowers at the end of June into July

  • Excellent for shady or sunny banks, spreads by runners and fills in nicely

  • Provides food for birds

  • Height: 3 to 5 feet

hcl_flower_rue_anemone_anemonella_thalictroides

43

Anemone Rue - Anemonella thalictroides

  • Rue Anemone is a dainty woodland plant that tolerates part sun

  • Flowers appear sporadically through out the summer when it gets enough water

  • Excellent edger plant for the woodland garden

  • White Flowers

  • Height: 6 to 8 inches

hcl_flower_rue_early_morning_thalictrum_diocum

44

Early Morning Rue - Thalictrum diocum

  • Early Meadow Rue has lacy foliage that moves in the wind

  • Excellent backbone plant of the woodland garden

  • Stays green all summer

  • Tolerates dry soils

hcl_flower_rue_tall_meadow_thalictrum_pubscens

45

Tall Meadow Rue - Thalictrum pubscens

  • Tall Meadow Rue shows off its bright white flowers in mid summer

  • Grows in very moist areas but will tolerate ordinary garden soils

  • Adds height to the garden

  • Height: 3 to 7 feet

hcl_flower_shooting_star_dodecatheon_meadia

46

Shooting Star - Dodecatheon meadia

  • Shooting Star has unusual flowers

  • Grows in partial shade to full sun

  • Early spring flower, goes dormant in the summer

  • White to pink flowers

  • Height: 8 to 12 inches

hcl_flower_solomans_seal_false_maianthemun_racemosa

47

Solomans Seal - False maianthemun racemosa

  • False Solomon’s Seal is a beautiful three season plant

  • Creamy White spray of flowers in the spring

  • Arching stems that develop green berries with red dots in the summer

  • Bright red berries in the fall

  • Height- 1 - 1 1/2 feet

hcl_flower_skunk_cabbage_symplocarpus_foetidus

48

Skunk cabbage - Symplocarpus foetidus

  • Skunk Cabbage adds interest to the garden

  • Very early spring flowering

  • Food for native insects in the very early spring

  • Height: 2 to 3 feet

hcl_flower_trillium_red_erectum

49

Red Trillium - Erectum

  • Red Trillium flowers in the early Spring

  • Beautiful maroon color

  • Pollinated by flies

  • Grows from a rhizome

  • Height: 6 to 14 inches

hcl_flower_turtlehead_white_chelone_glabra

50

White Turtlehead - Chelone glabra

  • White Turtlehead has unusual shaped flowers

  • This is a host plant for the Baltimore Checkerspot butterfly

  • Tolerates very moist to wet soils

  • Height: 2 to 4 feet

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